MARTIAL LAW

When Marcos declared martial law Doy was in the United States. He was saddened to know that his childhood friend, Benigno Aquino, Jr. was incarcerated and that arrests were going on everyday. He consulted his professors in Yale regarding the legal aspect of martial law.

Doy returned to Manila on December 10, 1972. Undersecretary Manny Salientes who met him at the airport informed him that President Marcos wished to see him as soon as possible. Doy went to Malacañang the following day. President Marcos greeted him cordially addressing him as “brod” since they both belonged to the Upsilon Sigma Phi fraternity of UP. “Let me get to the point, Brod” the President said, “Please don’t rock the boat. I cannot turn back anymore. I have burned my bridges.” Doy replied, “Mr. President, I have learned that martial law is a double-bladed weapon. It can be used to cut for good or for evil. Use it only for good, Mr. President, and you don’t have to worry about me.”

doy laurel and marcos

A surprise visit from Ferdinand Marcos on his birthday and victory after the November elections of 1967.

THE BREAK WITH MARCOS

In 1978, at a meeting in Malacañang, Marcos announced that he had created the Kilusang Bagon Lipunan (KBL) to replace the two-party system. The proposal met the ire of Speaker Jose B. Laurel, Jr. who saw in it a calculated plan to annihilate the Nacionalista Party. After expressing his indignation in a scathing speech then stormed out of Malacañang. To placate him Marcos amended his proposal and made the KBL an umbrella organization instead with all political parties under it.

On December 22, 1979, however, Marcos again summoned Batasan members to the palace. He gave each one a copy of the rules of KBL as a political party. Doy immediately objected asking Marcos, “Since when did the KBL become a political party?” Marcos retorted, “As far as I am concerned the KBL has always been a political party.” Doy reminded Marcos that the Supreme Court, in two decision, declared that the KBL was not a political party. He further reminded President Marcos that in 1978 the Nacionalista party had to “adopt” the KBL because it was not accredited by the Comelec as a political party. Exasperated, Marcos said, “If the Nacionalista Party does not wish to Become part of the KBL, then let it play the role of the opposition.” Piqued, Doy snapped back, “So be it, Mr. President, so be it!” and walked out.

In 1972, Marcos padlocked the Senate. In front of the bolted doors of the Session Hall are: Doy, Senators Eva Kalaw, Ramon Mitra, Gerry Roxas, and Jovito Salonga. (Photo taken by Celia)